Definition and aspects of health
When we wish our fellow human beings “health”, we usually mean the preservation of physical well-being or a speedy recovery. A variety of diseases can be determined very accurately about their symptoms, specialists and medicines are specifically available to restore the physical health.
But how can health be defined? Is someone already healthy if he has no infirmity or does not feel ill?
A definition of the term “health” was provided by the WHO (World Health Organization) as early as 1948 in its constitution
“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not just the absence of disease or infirmity. (…) The possession of the best possible state of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being, irrespective of race, religion, religion political opinion and the economic or social position. ”
Further definitions with different approaches can be found in the article “Health” on Wikipedia.
The interaction: physically, mentally, socially
Viewed individually, for example, a person can be fully physically fit, but have mental health problems or live socially isolated. However, how strongly these three aspects of health work together is felt very quickly by us or our fellow human beings. Our body reacts to stress, to fears of conflicts, our mental freshness diminishes as soon as we become physically ill, our social contacts can also suffer as a result.
The rating: subjective – objective
Only the positive interaction of all factors means health. However, the evaluation of these factors can be very subjective and not infrequently, one’s own well-being is an indicator of “perceived” health.
For example, every 20th patient who visits a doctor suffers from hypochondriacal disorders, which in turn can be defined as illness. These patients feel ill, are afraid of illness, and are so focused on their bodies that they feel physical symptoms that can not be diagnosed from a medical point of view.
The other way around, a person can feel perfectly well and healthy until he receives a diagnosis from the doctor, such as cancer. Many physical illnesses are therefore not recorded by the patient, or are never recorded, because the self-healing powers of the body act and diseases can be managed by the body itself, before they become noticeable to the person concerned.
Action on health
Almost all of our living conditions directly or indirectly affect our health: air, soil and water quality, nutrition, exercise, sleep, rest, relaxation, stress, self-reliance, social contacts, love, sexuality, work, safety, recognition, life goals and hobbies , These are essential but by no means all aspects that promote our health in a positive sense and negatively affect it.
Self-responsibility – external influence
A healthy lifestyle helps to maintain good health. Anyone who is constantly robbing their own bodies by lack of exercise, unhealthy diet and drug use, attacks his health in person.
Many factors, however, affect individuals who are difficult or impossible to turn off or influence, such as unemployment, family conflicts or environmental factors.
Education and financial aspects
Studies have sufficiently demonstrated that there is a direct link between a person’s health and their education or financial capabilities. Maintaining or regaining health is not least tied to understanding health, regular checkups, the right choice of doctors, and the affordable options that medicine has to offer. In particular, people who suffer from poverty are disadvantaged, due to lack of knowledge, lack of money and lack of healthy lifestyles.
Approximately 1.8 million children and adolescents are growing up in poverty in Germany. Since poverty has been proven to affect health, this is an all-alarming signal.
Political and financial aspects
Among other things, the government determines the distribution of health care funds. The distribution is controversial and provides again and again for discussion.
Admittedly, a large number of doctors have not yet performed treatments for cost reasons.
In any case, the maintenance of health should be preceded by the necessary treatment of diseases. However, co-payments and reductions, eg for check-ups and spa stays, also have a direct or indirect effect on the health of the individual.
A not taken over by the health insurance of 50 euros, for example, then leads to illness and a treatment of 5,000 euros, because the patient due to financial problems could not take the precaution.
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