The misuse and overuse of antibiotics – both in medicine and in agriculture – leads to the emergence of multi-resistant germs. Here are some of the most persistent representatives.
Candida auris is a spreading yeast. It is already multi-resistant against fungicides that have been successfully used to combat candida fungi. He has appeared on five continents so far and was so hard to get rid of, that some hospitals had to close to eliminate him.
This highly resistant bacterium has been identified by the WHO as one of the greatest threats to human health. It is also one of the most common hospital germs. It is particularly dangerous for immuno compromised people, but even healthy people can get ear or skin infections when they come in contact with him.
There is no vaccine against gonorrhea, so antibiotics are the only option to treat the infection. However, the sexually transmitted disease is increasingly resistant to the drugs that are commonly used in therapy. Two cases of so-called super-gonorrhea were reported in 2018 in Australia and two more in early 2019 in the United Kingdom.
Infection with Salmonella can cause various diseases, such as typhoid, paratyphoid or intestinal inflammation. In recent decades, a highly contagious, antibiotic-resistant strain has emerged. In Asia and Africa, for example, there are repeated epidemics of drug-resistant bacteria that spread through contaminated food or through the water.
This pathogen is common in soils and waters. For healthy people it is largely harmless. But in critically ill and weak people, the germ can cause severe pneumonia, wound infections and sepsis with fatal outcomes. For this reason, ICU patients in particular often suffer from Acinetobacter infections.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the world’s most common infectious diseases, with more than 1.7 million deaths per year. It is estimated that up to six percent of all new tuberculosis cases are largely drug-resistant and no longer respond to the most effective treatments.